2018-03-01 Extended maintenance for stable branches

The OpenStack stable branch maintenance team, among other teams such as QA, infra, vulnerability management team (VMT), the release team, alongside users, operators, vendors and distributions, have talked for years about extending the life of the stable branches.

There was a cross-project discussion about this during the Newton summit:


And another at the Queens summit:


There have been discussions about stable branch end of life, release process, long-term support releases, etc, at every face-to-face event (PTG, summit) for years.

This resolution does not intend to cover all of the history, viewpoints, use cases, caveats, etc - it would never end. The purpose of this resolution is to summarize and state the stance of the various upstream stable branch maintainers and related teams (mentioned above) with respect to extended maintenance windows for stable branches and their end of life process.

The first branch this will apply to is stable/ocata.

End of life

The stable branches shall remain open to accept fixes as long as reasonably possible. Codifying when a branch can no longer be maintained is not within the scope of this resolution, but it typically means no one is maintaining the branch, it is not tested and fixes cannot merge.

The current end of life process of applying the <branch>-eol tag and deleting the branch, cleaning up related infra scripts, etc, will change to not delete the branch. Instead, a <branch>-em tag will be applied on the final release indicating the branch is now in extended maintenance (EM) mode.

If at some point fixes cannot land in a given project and there is no reasonable solution, then the branch will need to be EOL for that project. Note that it is possible for our CI infrastructure to function based on EOL tags.


The upstream stable branch maintenance team shall maintain and release each branch for typically 18 months, which has been the historical lifespan of a branch in OpenStack. After that, there will be no releases as a release would indicate the same level of support from the upstream teams, which may not be the case. Contributors can continue to push fixes and they can be merged but they will not be released upstream.

Keep in mind that the overarching goal of this resolution is to provide a common place (and infrastructure) for deployers, contributors and vendors to share and get fixes for older branches. It is not to indefinitely extend the same level of upstream support for all branches for all time.

Support phases

The traditional maintenance phases may change as a result of this resolution but the details are out of scope for this document, and any changes would be part of the stable branch guidelines documentation.

Note that the traditional Phase III for stable branch maintenance may be dropped since its purpose was mostly to highly restrict applicable fixes to a branch that will soon be end of life. In other words, teams must take extra care to not backport regressions to a branch before it is EOL and then cannot be fixed upstream.

With the removal of EOL after 18 months, the need for Phase III type restrictions is severely reduced to the point of no longer being necessary.


VMT coverage for EM branches would be on a best-effort basis due to the confidence of the VMT being able to research a vulnerability’s presence in very old EM branches or that backported security fixes to said branches actually address the vulnerability there.

Core teams

The stable branch core teams will remain unchanged between EM and non-EM branches. If people are doing good work on the EM stable branches, then they likely should be included in the regular stable branch core team for the project.


The EM branches will continue to run the same level of CI testing after the standard 18 month window, as long as feasible.

Tempest is branchless and has historically dropped support for testing older branches once they are end of life. This allows Tempest (and devstack) to drop compatibility code and other technical debt.

Once a branch enters extended maintenance mode, the QA team may move forward with changes that disrupt an old branch if those changes cannot be easily made another way. This resolution will not attempt to predict or codify what those types of changes might be, or how maintenance on older branches can be extended and still run integration tests with Tempest. The point is the QA team can move forward and not be hindered by the extended maintenance of the stable branches.

In other words, these older branches might, at some point, just be running pep8 and unit tests but those are required at a minimum.

Appropriate fixes

Backports to these branches must follow the upstream stable branch maintenance guide. This includes but is not limited to:

  • Bug fixes only. Features will not be accepted on stable branches.

  • Backports must go in order from the newest branch where the bug exists. This means if a bug is to be fixed in Ocata, it must also be fixed first in Pike, and Queens before Pike, Rocky before Queens, etc. Fixes cannot skip branches lest people would upgrade and be regressed.

  • Project teams should not block proposed fixes for a branch based on the non-technical merit of the proposed branch.

  • Following on the last point, projects teams will not pick and choose EM branches. For example, a project shall not say that Ocata and Queens can have extended maintenance but Pike will not.

It is worth noting that the stable branch maintenance guide provides guidelines for appropriate fixes, but each backport should be judged on its own by the core team based on relative risk versus severity of the bug being fixed.