Requirements for language additions to the OpenStack Ecosystem

Adding new programming languages in OpenStack is possible by following the process described below. Every new language addition goes through careful consideration on both, technical and community, aspects. When considering a new programming language addition, the community must consider whether this language may or may not fragment the community, what the impact is on the infrastructure team and systems, how this language impacts the release model, etc.

Innovation is highly encouraged. However, teams experimenting with new languages should keep under consideration the points mentioned above and the process explained in this document. New programming languages in OpenStack are added under specific circumstances where the existing, already accepted, languages have been proven to not meet the technical requirements and the concerns at the point evaluation.

The process for adding a new language consists of two separate steps that require some work up-front. The first step involves the analysis of the need for a new language and the second one the support for the new language in the OpenStack ecosystem.

After reviewing and agreeing on the need for a new language, the team driving this effort should start working on the second phase. The needs of a new language should not be questioned during the evaluation of the second phase, unless the team working on it decides the language is not needed anymore.

Step 1: Use case analysis

The TC will evaluate the use case for the new proposed language in this phase. Members of the community interested in this addition are expected to have started a discussion on the mailing list before presenting the request to the TC. It’s encouraged to let the mailing list discussion mature before it’s brought to the TC.

The discussion should evolve around the needs of the language, the technical difficulties at hand and the reasons why existing languages are not good enough for the task. Adding a new language should not be the norm and it comes with a cost, as explained earlier in this document. Projects should strive for consuming the existing languages in the ecosystem.

Once the discussion has matured, the request should be brought up to the TC for further discussion, evaluation and voting in the form of Resolutions.

Step 2: Requirements evaluation

If the need of a new language is agreed on, the members interested in it are expected to work with the rest of the community on meeting the following minimum requirements:

Setup the CI pipelines for the new language

Work with the infrastructure team on setting up CI pipelines for projects using the new language. The following tasks should be addressed as part of this work:

  • CI jobs for lint checkers

  • CI jobs for unit tests

  • CI templates for functional tests

  • CI jobs for documentation builds

  • Ensure the jobs for meeting the Project Testing Interface requirements exist.

  • subunit-formatted output from tests

  • Provide a mechanism for pre-caching and/or mirroring dependencies in the gate

  • Provide plugins for DevStack to help creating QA and development environments

Define how the deliverables are distributed

Work with the release team to define the release processes for projects using the new programming language. These processes should answer the following questions:

  • Should the deliverables be shipped in binary format? or is the source code enough?

  • How can the release of the new deliverables be automated?

  • Where should the deliverables be published? Is there a PyPi equivalent for the new language?

Define how stable maintenance will work

Work with the stable team to define the maintenance processes for stable branches. These processes should address the following requirements:

  • Backport policies (if new policies are needed)

  • CI jobs for stable branches

  • Identify main contacts for stable branches and jobs maintenance

Define how internationalization will work

Work with the i18n team to define the translation processes for projects using the new language. These processes should address the following requirements:

  • Provide tools and jobs for importing and exporting translations

Define how documentation will work

Work with the documentation team to define the processes for generating, publishing and maintaining the documentation for projects using the new language. All projects should use Sphinx for their project documentation and follow the api-ref standards for their API documentation, should they need one. The use of language specific tools for other type of documentation (developer’s) is fine.

  • Provide tools and jobs for generating documentation

  • Adopt OpenStack’s themes and documentation standards.

Define how dependencies will be managed

Work with the infrastructure and requirements team to define a process for managing dependencies for the new language similar to the existing requirements process used for Python dependencies. This process should describe:

  • How the dependencies for the new language are consumed

  • How the dependencies for the new language can be managed, pinned, etc, if necessary

  • How the dependencies’ license will be tracked and reviewed

  • How testing-specific dependencies can be managed

  • How to track reproducible builds

Define a way to share code/libraries for projects using the language

Work with the Oslo team to define the processes for sharing common code among projects using the new language. These processes should answer the following questions:

  • What team owns the shared code? Should this code fall under the Oslo team umbrella?

  • How are the produced libraries going to be delivered?

  • How are the produced libraries going to be consumed?

Guarantee compatible functionality for the base common libraries

Most OpenStack projects rely on a set of base common libraries that provide a seamless experience to operators and users of OpenStack. The team proposing a new language must provide a compatible behavior with these libraries either by developing a counterpart version of the library in the language or proving that the language itself (or any existing library) is capable of guaranteeing compatibility.

The following libraries have an impact on the operator’s and user’s experience, therefore their behavior is considered critical and it must be guaranteed by any new language:

  • oslo.config

  • oslo.log

Once the above requirements have been addressed, a final resolution should be brought up to the TC. This resolution will mark the language as an official language in the ecosystem. OpenStack projects consuming this language can be released from this moment on.